The Race for Global COVID-19 Vaccine Equity

A flurry of nearly 200 COVID-19 vaccine candidates are moving forward through the development and clinical trials processes at unprecedented speed; more than ten candidates are already in Phase 3 large-scale trials and several have received emergency or limited authorization. Our team has aggregated and analyzed publicly available data to track the flow of procurement and manufacturing and better understand global equity challenges. We developed a data framework of relevant variables and conducted desk research of publicly available information to identify COVID vaccine candidates and status, deals and ongoing negotiations for procurement and manufacturing, COVID burden by country, and allocation and distribution plans. We have also conducted interviews with public officials in key countries to better understand the context and challenges facing vaccine allocation and distribution

See our COVID Vaccine Purchases research

See our COVID Vaccine Manufacturing research

See our COVID Vaccine Donations research

Data notes and FAQ

COVID-19 Vaccine Data

Download our latest vaccine data update from January 28, 2022 (.xlsx).

Archived vaccine data (downloads available).

Featured Publications

Read the Framework for a Global Action Plan for COVID-19 Response released Tuesday, August 24, 2021

We are at an exceedingly perilous and urgent moment in the COVID-19 pandemic. As the Delta variant has demonstrated, we are fighting a virus that doesn’t respect borders and rapidly advances across continents. If the virus continues to circulate unchecked in large parts of the world, we will see not only many more millions of infections and deaths, but also new variants that could totally pierce vaccine immunity, returning the world to square one.  

Read our August 2, 2021 Open Letter to the Biden-Harris Administration: US Emergency Plan for Global COVD-19 Relief

We are at an exceedingly perilous and urgent moment in the COVID-19 pandemic. The Delta variant, vastly more dangerous and pernicious than the original SARS-CoV-2 virus, has rapidly spread worldwide. It has been driving a deadly summer surge in the US; ripping through Latin America; causing Indonesia to become the next Asian hotspot; and fueling a third wave of the pandemic in Africa, where less than two percent of the population has been fully vaccinated. To respond, the US must build on the rapid development and availability of its highly effective vaccines – ensuring easy access for any American who wants to be vaccinated, and readiness to rapidly deploy boosters and vaccines for children. But as Delta has shown, an effective domestic response is not enough. Read more here.

Read The Hill's July 8, 2021article: Beyond ample supply, hurdles abound in the race to vaccinate the globe

Read our June 7, 2021 Open Letter to the G7: U.S. Global Health Experts Urge G7 Action to Vaccinate the World Quickly and Equitably

Read our May 17, 2021 Open Letter to the Biden Administration and US Congress Calling for Urgent High-Level US Leadership to Address Escalating Global COVID-19 Vaccine Crisis

Read our May 1, 2021 Op-Ed in the MIT Technology Review: What India needs to get through its covid crisis 

Read our April 28, 2021 Op-Ed from The Hill: Poorer nations face tougher choice about vaccines

Read our April 28, 2021 Op-Ed from Politico: Why America’s Next Covid Push Should Be Outside America

Read our April 15, 2021 paper on Reducing Global COVID Vaccine Shortages: New Research and Recommendations for US Leadership

Read our March 19, 2021 Issue Brief: Deciphering the Manufacturing Landscape for COVID-19 Vaccines.

Read our November 2, 2020 Press Release on COVID-10 Vaccine Advance Market Commitments.

Our research has recently been featured in The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Economist, Bloomberg, and The Guardian and many other outlets, including El Diario in Spain, as well as Al Jazeera. View and listen to these brief commentaries from our research team on BBCNPR, NYPoficial (Paraguay) and ABC News.

Featuring Dr. Krishna Udayakumar, Director, Duke GHIC - VOX, April 28, 2021

Dr. Ernesto Ortiz

Dr. Ernesto Ortiz, Senior Manager - CNN Espanol, February 22, 2021

For Media Requests please email Jessica Harris at or call + 1 919 668 7923.  

These data and analyses are updated every week. We are tracking the data to the best of our ability, though there may be gaps given the speed of developments and lack of detailed information in many public statements.

Suggested citation: Duke Global Health Innovation Center. (2021). Launch and Scale Speedometer. Duke University. Retrieved from:

Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.