Data Visualizations

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Early insights from our research illuminate the variety of pathways and timelines between milestones for a selection of the studied interventions.

Intervention:YearAntenatal corticosteroidsBiliChekChlorhexidineHIV self-testLong-lasting insecticide-treated netsMagnesium sulfatePre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)Sayana® PressTafenoquineUterine balloon tamponadeVitamin A supplementationXpert® MTB/RIF1924194719701975198019851990199520002005201020152020IdeationMilestone:Proof of conceptSRA approval1st in-country launchApproval by WHO body or other global procurement listWHO initial policy guidelinesWHO latest policy guidelinesCRITICAL MILESTONES OF VARIOUS HEALTH INTERVENTIONS:IDEATION TO FIRST LOW/MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRY LAUNCH (1965-2020)Key TermsIdeation: Date of discovery or idea for specific interventionProof of Concept: Intervention demonstrated to be safe and effective for intended purpose in humansSRA: Stringent Regulatory Authority (Approval from a stringent regulatory body as defined by ICH)Source: Duke Global Health Innovation Center

Featured Publications

User Guide
Measuring and Analyzing the Launch and Scale of Life Saving Health Interventions

This user guide is intended to support better measurement and understanding of the pathways and key factors involved in the launch and scale of health interventions in LMICs. 

Impact Case Study
Creating an Evidence Engine to Drive Impact: Lessons Learned from Providing Real-Time Analysis for COVID-19 Global Response

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, unprecedented public and private investments and collaborations accelerated the research, development, manufacturing, and distribution of new interventions, especially safe and effective vaccines.

Monkeypox issue brief
Issue Brief - Monkeypox: Recent Developments in the Outbreak and Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic

In this brief, we highlight the challenges in controlling the monkeypox outbreak in global and US contexts and provide practical recommendations and lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic. This issue brief will focus primarily on analysis of the monkeypox vaccine marketplace as an urgent and pressing challenge.

Navigating complexity to improve global access: Supporting a more efficient and effective World Health Organization Prequalification Program

This report examines successes and pain points of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Prequalification (PQ) Program and offers actionable recommendations to strengthen its role in facilitating global access to medical products.


Conducting research into the variety of interventions and their launch and scale pathways requires significant review of white and gray literature, reports, articles, and other materials. A sample of these resources that have informed our research are aggregated along the launch and scale framework dimensions.