Data Visualizations

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Early insights from our research illuminate the variety of pathways and timelines between milestones for a selection of the studied interventions.

Intervention:YearAntenatal corticosteroidsBiliChekChlorhexidineHIV self-testLong-lasting insecticide-treated netsMagnesium sulfatePre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)Sayana® PressTafenoquineUterine balloon tamponadeVitamin A supplementationXpert® MTB/RIF1924194719701975198019851990199520002005201020152020IdeationMilestone:Proof of conceptSRA approval1st in-country launchApproval by WHO body or other global procurement listWHO initial policy guidelinesWHO latest policy guidelinesCRITICAL MILESTONES OF VARIOUS HEALTH INTERVENTIONS:IDEATION TO FIRST LOW/MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRY LAUNCH (1965-2020)Key TermsIdeation: Date of discovery or idea for specific interventionProof of Concept: Intervention demonstrated to be safe and effective for intended purpose in humansSRA: Stringent Regulatory Authority (Approval from a stringent regulatory body as defined by ICH)Source: Duke Global Health Innovation Center

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Conducting research into the variety of interventions and their launch and scale pathways requires significant review of white and gray literature, reports, articles, and other materials. A sample of these resources that have informed our research are aggregated along the launch and scale framework dimensions.